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Table 3 Systemic inflammation and areca nut chewing with tobacco additives, a comparison with raw areca nut chewers

From: Areca nut chewing and systemic inflammation: evidence of a common pathway for systemic diseases

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Wald chi2 p value Odds ratio (95% CI) Wald chi2 p value
Age at screening (years)
Age 16-20 1    1   
Age 21-25 0.83 (0.48 - 1.44) −0.66 0.51 1.03 (0.51 - 2.11) 0.09 0.93
Age 26-30 0.97 (0.53 - 1.78) −0.10 0.92 1.13 (0.52 - 2.43) 0.30 0.76
Age 31-35 1.01 (0.56 - 1.83) 0.03 0.98 0.57 (0.26 - 1.24) −1.41 0.16
Age at screening (continuous) 0.98 (0.94 - 1.02) −1.14 0.25 0.97 (0.93 - 1.01) −1.28 0.20
BMI (kg/m2)
Desirable < 23 1    1   
Overweight 23–27.5 0.90 (0.56 - 1.45) −0.41 0.68 0.80 (0.45 - 1.43) −0.75 0.46
Obese > 27.5 1.05 (0.63 - 1.74) 0.19 0.85 1.08 (0.59 - 1.98) 0.24 0.81
Education (years)
< 10 years 1    1   
10 - 12 years 1.18 (0.65 - 2.16) 0.55 0.58 1.67 (0.73 - 3.82) 1.22 0.22
> 12 years 1.16 (0.63 - 2.14) 0.47 0.64 1.26 (0.55 - 2.87) 0.55 0.58
Group
Raw areca nut chewers 1    1   
Areca with tobacco additives 1.70 (1.07 - 2.72) 2.24 0.03 1.98 (1.16 - 3.31) 2.61 0.009
  1. Multivariate model included all the co-variates listed in the table.