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Table 1 Cytokine and chemokine genes, and those of receptors (in italics), known to be differentially transcribed in human M1 and M2 macrophage in vitro polarisation (Adapted from [28] and [27]).

From: Innate immunity and monocyte-macrophage activation in atherosclerosis

M1 > M2 M2 > M1
CXCL11 Insulin-like growth factor 1
CCL19 CCL23
CXCL10 CCL18
Tumour necrosis factor ligand superfamily, member 2 CCL13
CCL15 Bone morphogenic protein 2
Interleukin 12B Hepatocyte growth factor
Interleukin 15 Fibroblast growth factor 13
Tumour necrosis factor ligand superfamily, member 10 CXCL1
Interleukin 6 Transforming growth factor β receptor II
CCL20 CXCR4
Visfatin Mannose receptor C type 1 (CD206)
Endothelial cell growth factor  
CCL1  
CCL17  
CCL22  
CCL13  
Transforming growth factor β2  
CCR7  
Interleukin 2 receptor α chain  
Interleukin 15 receptor α chain  
Interleukin 7 receptor  
  1. CCL2 was upregulated in M-CSF differentiated macrophages in one study [27], whilst relatively increased by GM-CSF in another [28].