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Modulation of IL-17A and TL1A largely abrogates house dust mite-induced lung inflammation in murine model of allergic airway disease
© Hubeau et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 14 August 2013
Recent studies suggest a role for Th17 responses in the increased airway neutrophilia associated with severe asthma. House dust mite (HDM) is a natural allergen to which asthmatics are often sensitized. Mice repeatedly challenged with HDM extract developed robust airway neutrophilia rapidly evolving into asthma-like disease with increased numbers of eosinophils and lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavages (BAL) as well as inflammatory infiltrates, vascular/muscular hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, epithelial hyperplasia and mucus accumulation in lung tissues. RNA and protein screening revealed a robust Th17 component post-HDM exposure. We thus evaluated whether IL-17A deficiency could modulate HDM-induced allergic airway disease. Airway neutrophilia was indeed abrogated in IL-17A deficient mice weekly challenged with HDM (acute model), however total BAL cellularity and lung mechanics remained comparable to those of HDM-challenged WT mice. In contrast, IL-17A deficient mice daily exposed to HDM (chronic model) had decreased BAL cellularity associated with reduced numbers of BAL macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes. Interestingly antibody neutralization of TL1A, a member of the TNF superfamily known to promote Th2 and Th17 responses, reduced BAL cellularity to baseline levels in HDM-challenged WT mice. Our results thus indicate that targeting Th17 responses can alleviate HDM-induced airway neutrophilia, and can also broadly modulate allergic airway disease.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.