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Exploring the role of SYK in respiratory in vivo models

Background

Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (SYK) is a key activator of signaling pathways downstream of multiple surface receptors implicated in asthma. SYK function has been extensively studied in Last cells downstream of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεR1). Most studies evaluating SYK function in preclinical models have relied on poorly selective compounds, anti-sense oligonucleotides, or SYK knockout mice. Here we describe the characterization of SYK mechanism in multiple in vivo model settings.

Materials and methods

The effect of SYK inhibitor MRK-A on allergic airway responses was evaluated in IgE-mediated tracheal extravasation in rat, Brown Norway Ova rat models of allergic inflammation and the sheep inhaled ascaris allergen challenge model.

Results

MRK-A dose-dependently blocked IgE-mediated tracheal extravasation in rat. In a Brown Norway rat ovalbumin-sensitized airway challenge model oral dosing of MRK-A led to a dose-dependent inhibition of airway inflammation. Intravenous dosing of MRK-A was able to significantly inhibit both early and late allergen- induced changes in airway resistance in an ascaris-sensitive sheep allergen challenge model as well as airway hyper responsiveness.

Conclusions

Here we demonstrated that SYK mechanism plays a significant role in several in vivo allergen challenge models. This ranges from simple PK/PD mast cells driven models such as the IgE-mediated tracheal extravasation to the more complex and clinically relevant sheep inhaled allergen challenge model.

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Correspondence to Milenko Cicmil.

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Caniga, M., Woodhouse, J.D., Wilhelm, A. et al. Exploring the role of SYK in respiratory in vivo models. J Inflamm 10, P11 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-9255-10-S1-P11

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Keywords

  • Ascaris
  • Allergic Inflammation
  • Airway Response
  • Selective Compound
  • Airway Hyper Responsiveness