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Table 1 Cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6) and hormones (Corticosterone, epinephrine and norepinephrine) circulating concentrations in Sedentary control, Exercised control, Sedentary sleep-deprived and Exercised sleep-deprived rats

From: Effects of exercise on brain and peripheral inflammatory biomarkers induced by total sleep deprivation in rats

  IL-1β pg/ml TNF-α pg/ml IL-6 pg/ml Corticosterone ng/ml Epinephrine ng/ml Norepinephrine ng/ml
Sedentary control < 5.00 1.67 ± 0.29 18.7 ± 2.7 42.0 ± 19.3 5.28 ± 0.82 2.17 ± 0.23
Exercised control 8.51 ± 3.66 1.23 ± 0.40 28.6 ± 5.7 46.6 ± 12.8 4.09 ± 0.77 2.26 ± 0.21
Sedentary sleep-deprived 11.44 ± 7.02 3.85 ± 0.51** 41.9 ± 4.5*** 79.2 ± 15.9 6.29 ± 0.86 4.03 ± 0.46***
Exercised sleep-deprived 16.71 ± 7.52 2.61 ± 0.74 27.6 ± 3.2*** 71.2 ± 18.4 5.44 ± 1.31 3.48 ± 0.39**
  1. "*" Significantly different between Sedentary control and Sedentary sleep-deprived rats and between Exercise control and Exercise sleep-deprived rats (**p < 0.01 and ***p < 0.001), "#" significantly different between Sedentary sleep-deprived and Exercised sleep-deprived rats (****p < 0.05), using a one-way ANOVA analysis, N = 8–11 rats. Mean (±SEM) values are reported