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Table 3 SFA and MUFA meals: comparison of the metabolic markers within the treatment groups, mean ± SEM

From: The effect of two iso-caloric meals containing equal amounts of fats with a different fat composition on the inflammatory and metabolic markers in apparently healthy volunteers

Treating groups meals Insulin (μ u/ml) Glucose (mg/dl) HOMA-R (ins*glu/405) QUICKI 1/(log ins + log glu) TG (mg/dl)
SFA: Women 0h 24.7±1.8 82.6±2.1 4.9±0.4 0.31±0.01 112.3±13.4
2h 60.3±6.7 83.9±2.7 13.4±2 0.28±0.01 191.9±22.8
4h 43.0±4 89.9±1.4 9.0±0.9 0.29±0.01 223.2±34.6
MUFA: Women 0h 24.6±2.1 82.7±2.2 5.02±0.4 0.31±0.01 106.3±13.7
2h 57.1±5.5 94.5±3.4 13.9±1. 8 0.27±0.01 156.9±18.2
4h 36.0±3.2 92.8±1.7 8.2±0.9 0.29±0.01 141.8±20.3
SFA: Male 0h 24.9±2.9 90.2±7.5 5.8±1.1 0.3±0.01 147.2±24.1
2h 70.4±13.4 97.7±9.4 18.4±4.5 0.27±0.01 255.5±33.7
4h 48.1±7.5 96.7±5.8 12.31±2.4 0.28±0.01 340.7±62.1
MUFA: Male 0h 24.1±3.6 91.2±8.5 5.96±1.4 0.31±0.01 142.1±25
2h 54.4±8.5 101.4±10.6 14.45±3.2 0.28±0.01 208.3±34.3
4h 39.6±4.7 103.7±7.9 10.1±1.8 0.28±0.01 236.9±49.6
Main effects      
Meal 0.07 0.01 0.3 0.2 <0.0001
Time <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
0-2 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
2-4 <0.0001 0.5 <0.0001 <0.0001 0.005
0-4 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001 <0.0001
Gender 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.08
Interaction      
Meal x Time 0.06 0.1 0.25 0.7 <0.0001
0-2      <0.0001
2-4      <0.0001
0-4      <0.0001
Meal x Gender 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.6
Time x Gender 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.1
Meal x Time x Gender 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.7
  1. TG, triglycerides; HOMA, homeostasis model assessment; QUICKI, quantitative insulin-sensitivity check index; SFA, high saturated fat meal; MUFA, high monounsaturated fat meal.