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  1. Content type: Research

    Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a diffuse brain dysfunction that occurs secondary to infection in the body without overt central nervous system (CNS) infection. SAE is frequently encountered in criti...

    Authors: Qiyi Chen, Wenkui Yu, Jiangliang Shi, Juanhong Shen, Tao Gao, Juanjuan Zhang, Fengchan Xi, Jieshou Li and Ning Li

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:18

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  2. Content type: Research

    Chronic wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, and venous leg ulcers contribute to a considerable amount of mortality in the U.S. annually. The inability of these wounds to heal has now been ass...

    Authors: Amy Tankersley, Mark Barton Frank, Melissa Bebak and Robert Brennan

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:17

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  3. Content type: Research

    Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) and postconditioning (RpostC) have protective effects on ischemia and reperfusion injury. The effects have been reported to activate heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and attenuate...

    Authors: Yun-Hee Kim, Dae-Wui Yoon, Je-Hyeong Kim, Jeoung-Hyuk Lee and Choon-Hak Lim

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:16

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  4. Content type: Research

    Oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of bone diseases such as osteoporosis, which has a high coincidence with fractures in elderly. Several studies showed positive effects of herbal bioactive subst...

    Authors: Helen Vester, Nina Holzer, Markus Neumaier, Schyschka Lilianna, Andreas K Nüssler and Claudine Seeliger

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:15

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  5. Content type: Short Report

    Conventional p38α inhibitors have limited efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis, possibly because p38 blockade suppresses the counter-regulatory mechanisms that limit inflammation. In contrast, targeting the upstre...

    Authors: Deepa Hammaker, David L Boyle, Katharyn Topolewski and Gary S Firestein

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:14

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  6. Content type: Research

    Chemokine CX3CL1 possesses unique properties, including combined adhesive and chemotactic functions. Human amniotic epithelial cells (HAEC) show expression of CX3CL1 receptor (CX3CR1) and produce CX3CL1 in res...

    Authors: Dariusz Szukiewicz, Jan Kochanowski, Tarun Kumar Mittal, Michal Pyzlak, Grzegorz Szewczyk and Krzysztof Cendrowski

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:12

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  7. Content type: Research

    Macrophages play pivotal roles in the progression of atherosclerosis (AS) and their heterogeneous differentiation patterns have been studied extensively. The classical subtype of activated macrophage, M1, prom...

    Authors: Shanshan Gao, Lijun Wang, Weimin Liu, Yue Wu and Zuyi Yuan

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:13

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  8. Content type: Research

    Sepsis is a prevalent condition in critically ill patients and may be associated with thiamine deficiency (TD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of TD on inflammation, oxidative stress and cell...

    Authors: José Antenor Araújo de Andrade, Carlos Roberto Machado Gayer, Natália Pereira de Almeida Nogueira, Márcia Cristina Paes, Vera Lúcia Freire Cunha Bastos, Jayme da Cunha Bastos Neto, Sílvio Caetano Alves Jr, Raphael Molinaro Coelho, Mariana Gysele Amarante Teixeira da Cunha, Rachel Novaes Gomes, Márcia Barbosa Águila, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Patrícia Torres Bozza and Sérgio da Cunha

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:11

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  9. Content type: Short Report

    Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), a chaperone that regulates activity of many client proteins responsible for cellular growth, differentiation, and apoptosis, has been proposed as an important clinical and precli...

    Authors: Stefan Tukaj, Detlef Zillikens and Michael Kasperkiewicz

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:10

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  10. Content type: Research

    We have previously reported the presence of novel subpopulations of pulmonary monocyte-like cells (PMLC) in the human lung; resident PMLC (rPMLC, HLA-DR+CD14++CD16+cells) and inducible PMLC (iPMLC, HLA-DR+CD14++C...

    Authors: Mairi Brittan, Laura C Barr, Niall Anderson, Andrew Conway Morris, Rodger Duffin, John A Marwick, Fiona Rossi, Shonna Johnson, Kev Dhaliwal, Nikhil Hirani, Adriano G Rossi and A John Simpson

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:9

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  11. Content type: Short Report

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by inflammation, joint immobility, and pain. Non-pharmacologic agents modulating pro-inflammatory mediator expression offer considerable promise as safe and effective treat...

    Authors: Stacy L Ownby, Lowella V Fortuno, Angela Y Au, Mark W Grzanna, Ann M Rashmir-Raven and Carmelita G Frondoza

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:8

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  12. Content type: Research

    Atherosclerosis is a complex disease involving different cell types, including macrophages that play a major role in the inflammatory events occurring in atherogenesis. C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a sensitive ...

    Authors: Marielle Kaplan, Shadi Hamoud, Yevgeny Tendler, Edna Meilin, Aviva Lazarovitch, Samy Nitecki and Tony Hayek

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:7

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  13. Content type: Research

    Emergence of multidrug resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP), has limited the available options used to treat infections caused by this organism. The objective of this study was to compare the role of mo...

    Authors: Arnab Majhi, Kiran Kundu, Rana Adhikary, Madhubanti Banerjee, Sayantika Mahanti, Anirban Basu and Biswadev Bishayi

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:5

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  14. Content type: Research

    Salivary histatins are bioactive peptides related to the innate immune system associated with antimicrobial activities. However, very little is known about the physiological and biological functions of histati...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Imamura and Pao-Li Wang

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:4

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  15. Content type: Research

    Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are recognized as important contributors to the initiation and modulation of the inflammatory response in the eye. This study investigated the precise expression patterns and functio...

    Authors: Nir Erdinest, Gal Aviel, Eli Moallem, Irene Anteby, Claudia Yahalom, Hadas Mechoulam, Haim Ovadia and Abraham Solomon

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:3

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  16. Content type: Research

    Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is an immune-inflammatory disease, characterized by acute phase response (APR) and immune activation. There has been increasing evidence showing that vitamin D deficiency/in...

    Authors: Alicja Grzanka, Edyta Machura, Bogdan Mazur, Maciej Misiolek, Jerzy Jochem, Jacek Kasperski and Alicja Kasperska-Zajac

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:2

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  17. Content type: Short Report

    Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) are a cell population of intense exploration for therapeutic use in inflammatory diseases. Secreted factors released by BMSCs are responsible for the resol...

    Authors: Jessica S Elman, Matthew Li, Fangjing Wang, Jeffrey M Gimble and Biju Parekkadan

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2014 11:1

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  18. Content type: Research

    Innate immunity is the first line of defense against invasive microbial infection, and AIM2 plays an important role in this process by sensing double-stranded DNA viruses. However, the role of AIM2 in regulati...

    Authors: Wenjun Du, Junhui Zhen, Zhaomin Zheng, Shumin Ma and Shijun Chen

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:37

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  19. Content type: Research

    Inhibition of prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) leads to the induction of a transcriptional program that, in the gut, promotes intestinal epithelial cell survival. PHD inhibitors have recently been suggested as a pro...

    Authors: Sophie Van Welden, Debby Laukens, Liesbeth Ferdinande, Martine De Vos and Pieter Hindryckx

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:36

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  20. Content type: Research

    The epigenetic plasticity hypothesis indicates that pregnancy exposure may result in adult-onset diseases, including hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, in offspring. In a previous study, we dis...

    Authors: Yanling Wei, Wenhua Du, Xiuqin Xiong, Xiaoyan He, Ping Yi, Youcai Deng, Dongfeng Chen and Xiaohui Li

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:35

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  21. Content type: Research

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can emerge from certain pathologies, such as sepsis, fat embolism and leptospirosis, in which the levels of unesterified fatty acids are increased in the patient’s pl...

    Authors: Cassiano Felippe Gonçalves-de-Albuquerque, Patrícia Burth, Adriana Ribeiro Silva, Isabel Matos Medeiros de Moraes, Flora Magno de Jesus Oliveira, Ricardo Erthal Santelli, Aline Soares Freire, Patrícia Torres Bozza, Mauricio Younes-Ibrahim, Hugo Caire de Castro-Faria-Neto and Mauro Velho de Castro-Faria

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:34

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  22. Content type: Research

    Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus induce myocardial dysfunction in vivo. To rectify conflicting evidence about the role of TLR2 signaling and cardiac dysfunction, we hypothesized that the specific TLR2 agoni...

    Authors: Olaf Boehm, Pascal Knuefermann, Johannes Plueck, Markus Schwederski, Heidi Ehrentraut, Sied Kebir, Ralph Lohner, Markus Velten, Siegfried Morath, Alexander Koch, Kai Zacharowski, Christian Grohé, Andreas Hoeft, Georg Baumgarten and Rainer Meyer

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:33

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  23. Content type: Research

    BMP4, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, is upregulated in the aortas of diabetic db/db mice. However, little is known about its role in diabetic atherosclerosis. Therefore, we examin...

    Authors: Mitsuhisa Koga, Atsushi Yamauchi, Yuki Kanaoka, Ryusuke Jige, Anna Tsukamoto, Nao Teshima, Tsuyoshi Nishioku and Yasufumi Kataoka

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:32

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  24. Content type: Research

    Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are thought to be associated with increased mortality in elderly patients. Low retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP4) is associated with a high r...

    Authors: Qihui Jin, Yueliang Chen, Yufeng Lou and Xiaojun He

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:31

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  25. Content type: Research

    The study first evaluated the hepatoprotective effect of Zhuyeqing Liquor (ZYQL) against acute alcohol-induced liver injury in mice. Animals were administered orally with 50% alcohol 12 ml/kg at 4 h after the ...

    Authors: Hong-ying Gao, Jian Huang, Hang-yu Wang, Xiao-wei Du, Suo-ming Cheng, Ying Han, Li-fei Wang, Guo-yu Li and Jin-hui Wang

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:30

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  26. Content type: Research

    Administration of normal saline might increase circulating levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and may cause variation of plasmatic electrolytic and hyperchloremic acidosis, which in turn can impair renal fun...

    Authors: Carlo Alberto Volta, Alessandro Trentini, Lucia Farabegoli, Maria Cristina Manfrinato, Valentina Alvisi, Franco Dallocchio, Elisabetta Marangoni, Raffaele Alvisi and Tiziana Bellini

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10:29

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  27. Content type: Poster presentation

    Authors: Michael Caniga, Janice D Woodhouse, Alan Wilhelm, Malgorzata A Gil, Yanlin Jia, Hongshi Yu, Stella Vincent, Richard Miller, Gissela Lieber, Xiomara Fernandez, Richard Chapman, Robbie McLeod, Lily Y Moy, Nancy Kelly, Emily Hickey, Michael A Crackower…

    Citation: Journal of Inflammation 2013 10(Suppl 1):P11

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 10 Supplement 1

Affiliated with the British Inflammation Research Association (BIRAs).

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