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Table 2 Risk factors commonly associated with ARDS

From: Biomarkers for Acute Respiratory Distress syndrome and prospects for personalised medicine

Direct lung injury Indirect lung injury
Pneumonia Sepsis
Aspiration of gastric contents Multiple trauma
Pulmonary contusion Cardiopulmonary bypass
Near drowning Acute pancreatitis
Inhalation injury Drug overdose
Reperfusion pulmonary edema Transfusion of blood products