Cytoplasmic phosphorylated inhibitor κB-κ (p-IκB-α) and IκB-α expressions in oral buccal mucosa and small intestinal mucosa. Blots (a) are representative of the results of 6 rats per group. Normalized densities of p-IκB-α (b) and IκB-α (c) expressions. Data are median (quatile, range). *p <0.017 vs. the sham group. ✝p <0.017 vs. the ischemic-reperfusion injury (IR) group.