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Table 2 Systemic inflammation and role of areca nut chewing, a comparison with healthy controls

From: Areca nut chewing and systemic inflammation: evidence of a common pathway for systemic diseases

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
  Odds ratio (95% CI) Wald Chi2 p value Odds ratio (95% CI) Wald Chi2 p value
Age at screening (years)
Age 16-20 1    1   
Age 21-25 0.83 (0.48 - 1.44) −0.66 0.51 0.79 (0.44 - 1.40) −0.81 0.42
Age 26-30 0.97 (0.53 - 1.78) −0.10 0.92 0.89 (0.47 - 1.66) −0.37 0.71
Age 31-35 1.01 (0.56 - 1.83) 0.03 0.98 0.99 (0.54 - 1.83) −0.02 0.99
BMI (kg/m2)
Desirable < 23 1    1   
Overweight 23–27.5 0.90 (0.56 - 1.45) −0.41 0.68 0.91 (0.56 - 1.47) −0.38 0.71
Obese > 27.5 1.05 (0.63 - 1.74) 0.19 0.85 1.11 (0.66 - 1.85) 0.39 0.7
Education (years)
< 10 years 1    1   
10 - 12 years 1.18 (0.65 - 2.16) 0.55 0.58 0.94 (0.51 - 1.76) −0.18 0.86
> 12 years 1.16 (0.63 - 2.14) 0.47 0.64 1.07 (0.57 - 2.01) 0.22 0.83
Group
Control 1    1   
Areca nut chewers 3.23 (2.08 - 5.02) 5.23 < 0.001 3.30 (2.11 - 5.15) 5.26 < 0.001
  1. Multivariate model included all the co-variates listed in the table.