Skip to main content

Table 1 Serum inflammatory markers, metabolic and anthropometric variables in Caribbean Type 2 diabetics with and without microvascular complications

From: Relationship between inflammatory markers, metabolic and anthropometric variables in the Caribbean type 2 diabetic patients with and without microvascular complications

Variable Controls
(Mean ± SD)
N = 44
Diabetics
(Mean ± SD)
N = 44
Nephropathy
(Mean ± SD)
N = 44
Retinopathy
(Mean ± SD)
N = 30
P value
BMI (kg/m2) 27.5 ± 7.34 29.1 ± 9.5 27.1 ± 6.9 28.7 ± 4.2 NS
Waist/hip ratio 0.86 ± 0.061 0.92 ± 0.07 0.94 ± 0.06 0.93 ± 0.094 0.000
Blood pressure (mmHg) 123.8 ± 14.5 144.4 ± 20.5 159.8 ± 6.92 162.8 ± 25.6 0.000
Serum Sialic acid (mg/dl) 55.2 ± 8.3 66.0 ± 11.7 71.6 ± 23.6 77.9 ± 29.0 0.01
Urine Sialic acid (mg/dl) 29.0 ± 15.1 38.5 ± 28.4 35.9 ± 38.9 55.1 ± 47.4 NS
Microalbumin (mg/l) 8.5 ± 12.5 27.9 ± 30.5 794.3 ± 805.9 351.1 ± 559.9 0.05
CReactive protein (mg/l) 2.0 ± 2.0 3.1 ± 4.2 3.5 ± 6.4 3.45 ± 3.8 NS
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 206.7 ± 53.7 189.7 ± 42.2 185.8 ± 61.4 216.0 ± 63.1 NS
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 105.6 ± 65.1 155.4 ± 114.8 149.3 ± 75.8 176.5 ± 93.2 0.01
HDL (mg/dl) 43.8 ± 10.5 44.3 ± 9.1 43.9 ± 10.2 44.8 ± 11.5 NS
LDL (mg/dl) 140.4 ± 53.5 114.3 ± 42.6 112.4 ± 56.3 135.9 ± 63.2 NS
VLDL (mg/dl) 21.6 ± 13.6 31.9 ± 22.5 30.1 ± 15.2 35.2 ± 18.6 NS
Glucose (mg/dl) 88.8 ± 9.7 135.5 ± 22.9 152.9 ± 74.9 157.7 ± 73.73 0.05
HbA1c (%) 4.3 ± 3.7 6.4 ± 2.0 7.7 ± 2.8 8.0 ± 2.7 0.05
  1. P < 0.05 considered significant, NS = not significant.