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Table 1 SFA and MUFA meals: comparison of the inflammatory markers among treatment groups, mean ± SEM

From: The effect of two iso-caloric meals containing equal amounts of fats with a different fat composition on the inflammatory and metabolic markers in apparently healthy volunteers

Treating groups meals CRP (mg/l) ESR (mm/hr) Fibrinogen (mg/dl) WBC x109/L IL6 (pg/ml) TNFά (pg/ml) VCAM (ng/ml) ICAM (ng/ml)
SFA: Women 0h 2.77±0.5 16.8±1.9 280.5±14 7.2±0.3 2.16±0.3 3.08±0.3 419.7±27.1 211.9±17.4
2h 2.94±0.5 17.7±1.9 285.2±11.9 7.8±0.3 2.54±0.6 2.64±0.2 404.5±23.0 209.3±16.6
4h 2.76±0.5 18.9±1.8 279.7±12.3 8.2±0.3 2.56±0.3 2.89±0.3 405.6±24.8 204.9±17.1
MUFA: Women 0h 2.82±0.5 18.7±1.7 297.0±11.4 7.4±0.3 2.13±0.2 3.12±0.3 421.9±22.7 220.6±19.2
2h 2.73±0.5 18.3±1.8 288.4±11.0 7.9±0.3 2.09±0.2 3.33±0.3 410.6±23.5 216.1±19.9
4h 2.72±0.5 18.1±1.9 288.4±11.1 8.1±0.3 2.46±0.3 2.85±0.3 435.5±25.9 231.0±20.0
SFA: Men 0h 2.3±0.5 8.5±0.9 261.9±15.4 6.6±0.4 2.29±0.6 2.96±0.4 382.3±32.9 200.8±22.9
2h 2.85±0.6 9.2±1.0 270.2±17.4 7.3±0.4 2.15±0.5 2.97±0.4 388.1±32.1 196.6±18.6
4h 2.72±0.7 9.9±1.0 258.7±10.7 7.6±0.3 2.28±0.4 2.9±0.4 387.5±29.5 193.6±18.6
MUFA: Men 0h 2.26±0.6 11.5±3.3 266.9±11.7 7.2±0.4 4.07±1.4 2.44±3.6 397.2±35.1 197.0±16.0
2h 2.27±0.6 11.6±3.1 262.4±11.4 7.3±0.4 2.24±0.5 2.9±0.4 397.4±33.4 191.2±15.6
4h 2.3±0.6 10.1±1.6 249.9±20.3 7.3±0.4 3.16±0.6 2.79±0.5 395.4±31.7 188.7±12.6
Main effects         
Meal 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.6
Time 0.004 0.5 0.1 <0.0001 0.3 0.9 0.5 0.06
0-2 0.002    <0.0001     
2-4 0.1    0.01     
0-4 0.3    <0.0001     
Gender 0.7 0.007 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.4
Interaction         
Meal x Time <0.0001 0.03 0.3 0.06 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6
0-2 <0.0001 0.1       
2-4 0.04 0.04       
0-4 0.05 0.007       
Meal x Gender 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.9 0.3
Time x Gender 0.05 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.7
Meal x Time x Gender 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
  1. WBCC, white blood count; ESR, erythrocyte sedimentation rate; hs-CRP, C-reactive protein; SFA, high saturated fat meal; MUFA, high monounsaturated fat meal.